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Uniontown 
Connellsville 
(724) 320-2447

April 2022

There is no mistaking an Achilles tendon injury when it occurs. This large tendon, located at the back of the calf, connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is responsible for pointing and flexing the feet, which is necessary in completing daily activities. An injury can happen from increasing running mileage and speed too quickly, which can cause severe pain and discomfort. Patients who have experienced this type of injury find it difficult to walk and are unable to bend their ankle. Mild relief may be found by taking anti-inflammatory medicine, and it may help to stretch the calves. Effective prevention techniques for an Achilles tendon injury includes strengthening the feet and calves as often as possible, which can help to ease the loading force on the tendon. This is accomplished by standing on a step, and lowering the heels one at a time, until a stretch is felt. An Achilles tendon injury often needs immediate attention, and it is strongly suggested that you confer with a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can guide you toward the correct treatment techniques.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Arnold Tarpley, Jr. of Tarpley Foot and Ankle Center. Dr. Tarpley can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Uniontown, and Connellsville, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What are Achilles Tendon Injuries
Wednesday, 20 April 2022 00:00

Three Types of Nerves

The group of nerves that connect the central nervous system to the rest of the body is known as the peripheral nervous system. There are three groups of nerves within this system, known as motor, sensory, and autonomic. If the nerves become damaged from an injury, infection, or specific medications, peripheral neuropathy may result. This can alter how the nerves normally function. The symptoms of motor neuropathy can include twitching, paralysis, or muscle cramps. Additionally, a tingling sensation, or a loss of balance may be indicative of sensory neuropathy. Autonomic neuropathy symptoms can consist of dizziness from low blood pressure, constipation, or bloating. Research has shown it may be beneficial to monitor glucose levels, and it can help to protect your feet by wearing shoes and socks. If you have any of these symptoms that are affecting your feet, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can properly diagnose neuropathy, and offer correct treatment options.

Neuropathy

Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with Dr. Arnold Tarpley, Jr. from Tarpley Foot and Ankle Center. Dr. Tarpley will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.

What Is Neuropathy?

Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.

Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:

  • Numbness
  • Sensation loss
  • Prickling and tingling sensations
  • Throbbing, freezing, burning pains
  • Muscle weakness

Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.

Treatment

To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.

Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Uniontown, and Connellsville, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Neuropathy
Saturday, 16 April 2022 00:00

It's Time for Beautiful Feet

You don't need an excuse to have beautiful nails. Step outside without worrying about the appearance of your feet.

Tuesday, 12 April 2022 00:00

How to Protect Your Feet as You Age

Foot care gets more inconvenient for the elderly, sometimes because it is just hard to reach your feet, and other times because an underlying condition makes it nearly impossible. There are a few simple ways for the elderly to practice foot care. Because the fatty pads that protect the soles of the feet may have thinned, one way is to wear shoes that fit properly, provide adequate arch support and cushioning for your heels while also avoiding walking barefoot at home. Try not to sit with your feet hanging down for long periods, and instead, keep them elevated as often as possible, especially if you are less active. Exercising the feet and ankles is a good idea in order to keep the blood flowing and reduce swelling. Practice good skin care, such as keeping your feet clean and dry, applying moisturizer to prevent cracked heels, and having calluses removed. Trim toenails straight across, to avoid ingrown nails that can become infected. If your feet are uncommonly cold, seem numb, red, bruised or swollen on a regular basis, or if they have sores that do not heal properly, it is a good idea to consider regular visits to a podiatrist who can keep on top of these symptoms and provide proper treatment before they worsen.

 

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact Dr. Arnold Tarpley, Jr. from Tarpley Foot and Ankle Center. Dr. Tarpley can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

The Elderly and Their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 

  • Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet and can hide many life-threatening medical conditions.
  • Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.
  • Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
  • Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly
  • Pressure sores
  • Loss of circulation in legs & feet
  • Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Uniontown, and Connellsville, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Taking Care of Elderly Feet
Tuesday, 05 April 2022 00:00

Flat Feet and Orthotics

Many people are born with flat feet. There may be additional causes for flat feet to develop that can include pregnancy, arthritis, diabetes, or even an injury.  Orthotics are custom made inserts that are designed to fit inside shoes. Research has indicated that wearing orthotics may help patients with flat feet. The benefits of wearing orthotics can include shock absorption, improved balance, and support for the arch and heel. Additionally, orthotics may reduce existing pain that some patients experience because of flat feet. If you have this condition, and are interested in learning more about how orthotics can help you, please consult with a podiatrist. 

If you are having discomfort in your feet and would like to try orthotics, contact Dr. Arnold Tarpley, Jr. from Tarpley Foot and Ankle Center. Dr. Tarpley can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Are Orthotics?

Orthotics are inserts you can place into your shoes to help with a variety of foot problems such as flat feet or foot pain. Orthotics provide relief and comfort for minor foot and heel pain but can’t correct serious biomechanical problems in your feet.

Over-the-Counter Inserts

Orthotics come in a wide variety of over-the-counter inserts that are used to treat foot pain, heel pain, and minor problems. For example, arch supports can be inserted into your shoes to help correct overarched or flat feet, while gel insoles are often used because they provide comfort and relief from foot and heel pain by alleviating pressure.

Prescription Orthotics

If over-the-counter inserts don’t work for you or if you have a more severe foot concern, it is possible to have your podiatrist prescribe custom orthotics. These high-quality inserts are designed to treat problems such as abnormal motion, plantar fasciitis, and severe forms of heel pain. They can even be used to help patients suffering from diabetes by treating foot ulcers and painful calluses and are usually molded to your feet individually, which allows them to provide full support and comfort.

If you are experiencing minor to severe foot or heel pain, it’s recommended to speak with your podiatrist about the possibilities of using orthotics. A podiatrist can determine which type of orthotic is right for you and allow you to take the first steps towards being pain-free.

If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Uniontown, and Connellsville, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ankle Foot Orthotics for Athletes
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